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Can UN climate change talks save the world from crisis?

At the UN climate change talks later this year, a new protocol called COP21 is set to be adopted at the meeting, to replace the 1997 Kyoto Protocol that is due to expire. The protocol requires countries to reduce greenhouse emissions as global-warming in increasing due to human-made carbon-dioxide emissions.un-climate-change-convention-2015

The National Council of Churches in Kenya has launched a campaign to mobilize religious communities on climate justice. Along with a 1 million signature petition, it is also trying to lobby governments, multilateral agencies and industries to agree to the treaty during the December conference. Rev. Peter Karanja, general secretary of Kenya’s church council said as religious leaders, our commitment to the health of the planet is not an option — It is an obligation.

“The window for significant progress on climate is open every once in a while,” said Jenifer Morgan, global director of the climate program at the World Resources Institute.

Though the 1997 Kyoto Protocol was signed by the United Stated, it was never ratified, and even Canada failed to meet its emission targets. The climate talks are called COP21, which means it’s the 21st time the entire world is hoping to take a step against the climate crisis.

The international community is expecting to prevent the warming of 2 degrees Celsius, but experts believe that such a target would be unrealistic. Nathanniel Keohane, vice-president for International Climate at the Environmental Defense Fund said That’s not going to happen.

Scientists say that in order to prevent the 2 degree warming, the Earth should completely stop carbon-dioxide emissions. With the current state of pollution, the planet could face 2.9 to 3.1 degree warming, according to Climate Action Tracker.

However, global powerhouses like the US has announced that it would cut heat-trapping pollution by  26% to 28% by 2025, which is below the 205 levels. The European Union has pledged a 40 percent reduction ion cuts by 2030, below 1990 levels. Find more details on the UN Climate Change Convention from the official website.

About Anirudh Madhav

A movie buff, a bookworm, and a compulsive doodler. All posts by Anirudh

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