A fossil fuel company will build floating turbines on the northeast coast of Scotland, in an attempt to venture into the renewable energy market.
The Scottish government gave permission to Statoil – a Norwegian multinational oil and gas company in Stavanger, Norway – to create the largest floating wind farm in the world off the Scottish coast.
Hywind is the new project created by Statoil, through which the company hopes to generate great amounts of renewable energy each year.
The turbines used in the Hywind project are quite an innovation in the wind energy field. Five new ‘floating’ turbines will be built by Statoil. Unlike typical turbines, they will be attracted to the seabed using a mooring and anchoring system that resembles a tripod.
Cables will connect the turbines to one another, and one cable will run electricity from the five turbines to Peterhead (a town in Aberdeenshire) which is about 25 kilometres (15.53 miles) away from the future wind farm.
Although floating turbines are not a new thing, the five turbines – that will each generate up to six megawatts – make Hywind the largest floating farm across the globe.
Both Norway and Portugal have one floating turbine, and France also wants to build a similar floating wind farm at utility scale. About 19.3 kilometres (12 miles) off the coast of Fukushima, Japan has a floating turbine that generates seven megawatts.
The Hywind project may generate up to 135 GWh of electricity each year, which could power about 19,900 houses, the Scottish government said in a statement.
Carbon Trust – a company based in the United Kingdom that helps organisations reduce their carbon emissions – conducted an independent environmental analysis and found that it would be 12 percent cheaper to generate electricity using the floating wind turbines.
“The ability to supply chain capabilities from the offshore oil and gas industry creates the ideal conditions to position Scotland as a world leader in floating wind technology,” Deputy First Minister of Scotland John Swinney stated.
In 2014, Scotland generated half of its energy using renewables, Germany about 78 percent of its energy, and Denmark hit a whopping 140 percent.
Image Source: statoil