Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) of the US Defense Department on Monday stated that a program was designed for modifying living organisms into surviving ones on the planet Mars, genetically. DARPA engineers have plans of turning the cold and barren world into an environment that’s suitable for the survival of human life.
There were some past projects to colonize Mars in which robotic crafts were set for setting up bases that can be used later by scientists.
A spokesperson from DARPA stated that the process of terraforming the planet might be a very expensive and lengthy one. He further said:
“For the first time, we have the technological toolkit to transform not just hostile places here on Earth, but to go into space not just to visit, but to stay.”
They also have organisms that are genetically engineered. They would be shipped off to the red planet too. They will be different from us and can survive some extreme temperatures, which might reach till minus 100 degrees, lack of liquid water, low gravitation as well as thin atmosphere. However, this doesn’t discourage the DARPA researchers. They stated that with algae and plants that are genetically modified, the planet can be warmed up and its hydrological system and atmosphere can be changed.
Terraformation does this as it modifies the harsh environment deliberately for allowing humans survive there. Additionally, it was stated by Ms. Jackson that DARPA can access ‘Google Maps of Genomes’ which has a large database of genetic material which is gathered from several living organisms that are found on the Earth. With this database, researchers can find a gene quickly and then combine with other genes, so that brand new life forms can be created that can survive n Martian landscape.
Before these organisms are sent to Mars, they would first be tested on Earth in such locations in which no humans can survive.